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Education Department


In concert with the Clarion University mission, vision, and values, the Education Department is committed to preparing outstanding graduates empowered as decision-makers and reflective practitioners. These individuals shall have the knowledge and skills necessary to take their places in society as professional educators, capable of meeting the needs of a diverse population in our rapidly changing society. The overall mission of the department is to develop educators who have mastered both general knowledge and specialized training, including a recognized body of knowledge in professional content and pedagogy, and a successful integration of technology into day-to-day instructional practices. Individuals will demonstrate an internalized standard of excellence, will be prepared to meet professional employment requirements, and will be ready to assume responsibility for the exercise of professional judgment and for continued professional growth.

The experienced faculty of the Education Department at Clarion is committed to students and to the profession of teaching. Serving as academic advisors, faculty members encourage and help individual students attain their professional teaching goals. Small, student-centered classes and a variety of field experiences are offered in five specialized curricula in professional education: early childhood (PreK-4), mid-level, environmental, music, secondary, and world languages. Each curriculum is designed to meet the graduation requirements of the university, the certification requirements of the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania, and the accreditation standards of professional groups such as the National Council for the Accreditation of Teacher Education.

The Education Department also offers a graduate program leading to a Master's Degree in Education with concentrations in education or reading education (K-12), an Early Childhood Associate Degree, an Early Childhood Directors Program, and an Instructional Technology Specialist Certificate.

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Pre-K-Grade 4 (Early Childhood)
The Pre-K–4 (Early Childhood) Education Program provides candidates with multiple opportunities to gain the knowledge, skills, and dispositions necessary to become effective decision makers in a multicultural society. In a sequential format, early childhood candidates are inducted into the education core, proceed with a series of pre-methods courses, and engage in a sequence of field experiences that begin in the first semester of the program.

General Education
The early childhood major should fulfill the general education requirements of the university.

Professional Competencies
General education courses may be used to meet the following content competencies required for certification in Pennsylvania: literature and language, mathematics, and English.

Professional Education Courses
The following courses are required of all Pre-K–4 (Early Childhood) education majors:

Pre-K–4 ECH Core (18 credits):
ED 121; ECH 231, 235, 236, 245, 260.

Special Education Core (9 credits):
SPED 418, 442, 443.

Pre-K - K Block (18 credits):
Must be taken concurrently. ECH 301, 310, 322, 323, 325, 413.

Grades 1-4 Block (15 credits):
Must be taken concurrently. ECH 414, 415, 416, 417, 418.

Student Teaching (12 credits):
ECH 424, 425.

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Middle-Level Education (Grades 4-8)
Teacher candidates pursue an academic program that includes general education courses, professional education courses, and an area of concentration, i.e. English language and reading, mathematics, science, or social studies.

General Education
The mid-level education major should fulfill the general education requirements of the university.

Education Core:
ED 110, 122, EDML 322, 324, 325, 329, 332, 333, 334; ED 350, 417.

Special Education Core:
SPED 418, 441, 442.

Student Teaching (12 credits):
EDML 424, 425.

Middle-Level Specialization (30 credits)
English/Language-Reading Concentration
ENG 199, 207, 242, 262, 263, 339, 470, 482; EDML 332, 333.

Content Competencies:
(ED 350; ENG 459, 462, 463, select one); SCED 205, (PHSC 111, 112, ES 111, BIOL 111, ES 140, NSCI 150, 151; choose 3); MATH 111, 211, 112, 113; HIST 120 or 121, 111 or 112 or 113; PS 211; GEOG 100.

Mathematics Concentration:
MATH 111, 211, 112, 171, 113 or 221 or 321, 212 or 357, 213 or 260 or 270, 214 or 340, 215 or 285, 454.

Required Content Competencies:
ED 122, 417, 350; SCED 205; (PHSC 111, 112, ES 111, BIOL 111, ES 140, NSCI 150, 151; choose 3) ,ENG 111, 263; HIST 120 or 121, 111 or 112 or 113; PS 211; GEOG 100.

Science Concentration:
BIOL 155, 165, 156, 166, 202; CHEM 153, 163; ES 150, 280; PH 251, 252.

Content Competencies:
ED 122, 417, 350; ENG 111, 263, 463; EDML 332, 333; HIST 120 or 121, 111 or 112 or 113, PS 211; GEOG 100.

Social Studies Concentration:
HIST 120, 121, 111;; PS 211; BIOL 476; GEOG 100; Choose 3 from: HIST 112, 113, 130, 131, 286; ANTH 211.

Content Competencies:
ED 122, 417, 350; SCED 205; (PHSC 111, 112, ES 111, BIOL 111, ES 140, NSCI 150, 151; choose 3); ENG 111, 263; EDML 332, 333; MATH 111, 211, 112, 113.

Integrated Middle-Level Education / Special Education (Grades 4-8):
Teacher candidates pursue an academic program that includes general education courses, professional education courses and an area of emphasis, i.e., English language-reading, mathematics, science, or social studies. This course of study is integrated with a master's in education with special education concentration. Please refer to the Clarion University Graduate Catalog for specific requirements at the graduate level.

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Environmental Education
Sponsored by an interdisciplinary committee comprised of faculty from the Departments of Biology, Chemistry, Education, and Anthropology, Geography, and Earth Science, the certification in environmental education prepares teacher-educators to develop and implement in-school and outdoor education about the environment at both elementary and secondary levels. The Environmental Education Program is for non-degree certification only. It may be combined as a dual certification with one of the following areas: biology, earth and space science, chemistry, or general science. The total semester hours needed to complete a dual certification program varies. Graduate students in some areas may also complete, concurrent with their master's program, the certification program by selecting appropriate courses by advisement. Application for admission to the program is through the chair, School of Education. Graduate application for admission is through Graduate Studies. The required courses in the non-degree, certification only, program are as follows:

Education (21 credits):
ED 110, 122, 225, 327, 329, 417, and SPED 418, 441, 442.

Science Foundations (31 credits):
BIOL 155, 165, 156, 166, CHEM 153, 163, 154, 164, PH 251 or 252, ES 150 and 280.

Education About the Environment Specialization (15 credits):
GEOG 115, ES 260, 270, BIOL 202, and BIOL/ES 476.

Professional Core (15 credits):
ED 403, 424, and 426.

Math Proficiency (3 credits):
MATH 221.

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Secondary Education
Baccalaureate programs leading to certification in secondary education (7-12) are available in biology, chemistry, earth science, English, French (K-12), general science, mathematics, physics, social studies, and Spanish (K-12). Each program is designed to provide students with a thorough foundation in the teaching specialty and with the professional skills needed to work effectively with adolescents in a variety of learning environments.

General Education
Secondary education students fulfill the general education requirements of the University. However, within certain majors there may be slight deviations from the pattern presented, and secondary students should check with the departmental office of the discipline in which they are majoring to ascertain any variations. Two college-level English (composition/literature) and math courses are required.

Professional Education Core Requirements (36 credits):
ED 110, 122, 225, 327, 329, 350, ED xxx (Methods in specific discipline),
ED 417, 424, 425, and SPED 418, 441, 442.

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Secondary Certification Specialization
Secondary education majors may choose areas of specialization from the following programs. A grade of C or better is required for each course in the major area of specialization.

Biology (38 semester hours)
Required Courses: BIOL 155, 165, 156, 166, 201, 202, 203, 382, 476, CHEM 154, 164, 251, 261.

Electives (two required): BIOL 341 and 405 recommended.
Prior to registration the student's advisor will approve courses taken as biology electives.

In meeting general education requirements, the distribution in natural sciences and mathematics may be met with supplemental courses from the field of specialization. It is recommended the quantitative reasoning requirement be met by MATH 221 and the mathematics competency be met by MATH 171 or higher. Students should note no more than one non-laboratory elective may be included in credits for the biology specialization. Proficiency in earth science, Physics I or II, also required.

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Chemistry (42 semester hours)
Required: CHEM 151, 152, 161, 162, 251, 252, 257, 261, 262, 270, 271, 353, 354, 355, 358, 363, 364, 368, 456, and 470.

Additional Requirements: MATH 270, 271 and PH 251 or 252.
Students who have taken CHEM 153 and 154 may be permitted, upon consideration of their performance, to substitute these courses for CHEM 151 and 152. A total of 30 semester hours in chemistry must be taken. Competency in biology and earth science also required BIOL 476).

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Earth Science (33 semester hours)
Required: ES 150, 200, 222, 250, 270, 280, 476
10 credits in one of two specializations: Geology: ES 255, 260, 355, 360, 370; Planetarium Management: ES 201, SCED 485, COOP 497

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Required: ED 110, 122, 327, 329, 334, 418, 424, 425; SCED 499

Supplemental Courses: CHEM 154/164, four credits from biology, chemistry, or physics.

Proficiencies: CHEM 153/163, PH 251 or 252, BIOL 155/165.

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English (42 semester hours)
Required: ENG 199, 262, 263; {(221, 222, 225, 226, 227) or (228, 355, 470)}; (Choose 1 from 459, 462 or 463); 482.

Additional English requirements (nine credits):
One from: ENG 353, 457, 458, or 459.
Literature electives: six credits must be taken on the 300/400-course levels.
Non-print media competency is required.
Advanced writing competency is required.

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French K-12 (33 semester hours)
Required (33 credits): FR 250 or 251 and 252, 265, 270, 281, 282, 301, 341, 342.

Supplemental Courses (six credits): ANTH 211 and ENG 457 or ENG 262.

Electives: Six credits to be approved by advisor (200-level above 252 and any 300-level French course excluding courses taught in English).

Students participating in foreign study programs must complete at least six hours of French literature at Clarion, regardless of the number of credits earned abroad.

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General Science (38 semester hours)
A program specifically designed to prepare students to teach science at the junior high or middle school level. General science majors are not prepared to teach specialized high school courses such as biology, chemistry, physics, or earth science. Likewise, biology, chemistry, or physics majors are not prepared to teach general science unless their college program is broadened to include all of the required science courses of the general science curriculum Students who desire to teach only specialized courses should major in the specific subject area.

Required: BIOL 155, 165, 156, 166, 202, BIOL or ES 476 or CHEM 211, CHEM 153, 163, 154, 164, PH 251 or 252, ES 150, 200, 270, and 280, plus two 1-credit seminars.

Also Required: Proficiency in precalculus (MATH 171) and statistics (MATH 221 or 321); Successful completion of SCED 460 and 499.

Majors in general science should not include BIOL 111, MATH 112, PHSC 111, PHSC 112, and ES 111 in their general education programs. Only upon satisfactory completion of all basic courses in the general science curriculum will a biology, chemistry, physics, or earth science major be recommended for an Instructional I certificate in general science.

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Mathematics (31-35 semester hours)
Required courses: MATH 270, 271, 272, 300, 321, 340, 357, 370, 390, 451, 49_, and MATH Elective (300-level or above).

Also Required: (6 credits) Junior High Strand: Math 111, 221 or Senior High Strand: Math elective (221, 285, above 300).

Electives: Prior to registration the student's advisor will approve courses taken as mathematics electives. Majors must select PH 258 and/or CHEM 151 or 152 instead of basic PHSC 111-112, which do not count toward graduation.

Concurrent certification in physics is possible with the election of PH 258, 268, 259, 269, 351, 352, 353, 354, 371, 372, 461. Students admitted into both programs should substitute ED 335 for 339.

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Physics (38 semester hours)
Required: PH 258, 268, 259, 269, 351, 352, 353, 354, 371, 372, 461.

Electives (Additional 12 credits in physics 300-level or higher):
Electives (4) must be selected from; PH 301, 302, 355, 356, 357, 400, 455, 457, 460, 498, 499.

Proficiencies in Other Related Areas: MATH 270, 271, 272, 350, CHEM 153, 163, BIOL/ES 476.

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Social Studies (42 semester hours)
Social Studies Specialization: History Concentration (24 credits)

Required: History Concentration (24 credits), Political Science (six credits), Geography (six credits), ECON 211, 212, ANTH 211, PSY 211, SOC 211. Non-western culture competency (three credits)

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Spanish K-12 (33 semester hours)
Required (33 credits): SPAN 250 or (251, 252, and 265); (SPAN 270 and 280) or (SPAN 281 and 282); SPAN 301, and 12 additional credits chosen from Spanish 353-499, excluding courses above and courses taught in English.

Supplemental Courses (6 credits): ANTH 211 and ENG 457 or ENG 262

Electives: Six credits to be approved by advisor. (200-level above 252 and any 300-level Spanish course)

Students participating in foreign study programs must complete at least six hours of Spanish or Spanish-American literature at Clarion, regardless of the number of credits earned abroad.

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Music Education

The curriculum for majors in music education, leading to the Bachelor of Science in Education degree, combines a broad requirement in general education with advanced study in music theory, history and literature of music, applied music, specialized courses in music education and participation in performing organizations. The program prepares prospective public/private school teachers who specialize in music education with K-12 certification in instrumental, vocal, and general music. The emphasis of the program is twofold: the achievement of significant musical understanding and ability; and the development of teaching skills and techniques necessary for the effective communication of music understanding and abilities to others.

A high percentage of graduates find employment in their chosen fields. Increasing percentages attend graduate schools. Education graduates have secured teaching positions in districts, private and parochial schools, and church positions across the United States. The Bachelor of Science in Education degree (B.S.Ed.) in music education is fully accredited by the National Association of Schools of Music, National Council for Accreditation of Teacher Education, and the Pennsylvania Department of Education.

Prospective music majors are accepted in the department on the basis of an audition before a faculty committee from the Department of Music. Audition dates are scheduled throughout the academic year. Contact the Department of Music for additional information.

Music Education Program Requirements

The general education distribution for all students in the college is presented here. Teacher education selection and retention standards are listed here.


ED 110: Introduction to Education, 3 s.h.
ED 122: Educational Psychology, 3
ED 327: Instructional Strategies & Management, 3
ED 432: Student Teaching in Music, 6
ED 433: Student Teaching in Music, 6
MUS 289: Music Education Seminar, 0
MUS 333: Elementary Music Methods, 2
MUS 362: Instrumental Methods, 2
MUS 363: Vocal Methods, 2
SPED 418: Exceptionalities in the Regular Classroom, 3
SPED 441: Teaching Students with Disabilities in the Secondary Classroom, 3
SPED 442: Differentiating Instruction in Inclusive Settings, 3


Thirty hours of early field experience are required during the first four semesters of study. Ten hours are required in each of the following three areas:

1) elementary/general music,
2) secondary choral music, and
3) secondary instrumental music.

The required 10 hours within each area must be completed under the supervision of at least two different music teachers. Contact the Department of Music office for complete early field experience requirements.


MUS 126: Music Theory I, 2 s.h.
MUS 127: Music Theory II, 2
MUS 128: Aural Skills I, 1
MUS 129: Aural Skills II, 1
MUS 226: Music Theory III, 2
MUS 228: Aural Skills III, 1
MUS 229: Aural Skills IV, 1
MUS 345: Music From 1750 to 1900, 3
MUS 346: Music From Antiquity to 1750, 2
MUS 347: 20th-Century Music, 3
MUS 360: Basic Conducting, 1
MUS 365: Instrumental Conducting, 2

MUS 366: Choral Conducting, 2

MUS 370: Orchestration/Arranging, 2


MUS 160: Piano Class I, 1 s.h.
MUS 161: Piano Class II, 1
MUS 220: Piano Class III, 1
MUSA 125: Applied Music: Piano, 1

Piano competency is required of all music education majors in order to qualify for student teaching and graduation. A student may take the Piano Competency Exam at any time, but no later than the end of the sophomore year.


MUS 182: Voice Class, 1 s.h.
MUS 243: Brass Class, 1
MUS 244: String Class, 1
MUS 245: Percussion, Class 1
MUS 247: Woodwinds, Class 1

All matriculated music majors must elect applied music credits on their major instrument/voice each semester in residence.

All music majors are required to participate in at least one performing organization each semester they are in residence (0 or 1 credit). Two performing organizations (0 or 1 credit) must be elected from large ensembles: MUSA 130/330,135/335, 136/336, 137/337, or 138/338. An additional two performing organizations (0 or 1 credit) must be elected from small ensembles: MUSA 131/331, 139/339, 142/342, 143/343, 144/344, 145/345, 301 or 302. All music education majors must elect and pass one course (0 or 1 credit) in each of the following areas, to be selected from the courses indicated, during their first four semesters in residence and prior to enrollment in music methods courses (MUS 333, 362, and 363):

1) choral ensemble = MUSA 130/330 or MUSA 131/331;
2) instrumental ensemble = MUSA 135/335, MUSA 136/336, 137/337, 138/338, or 301; and
3) marching band = MUSA 136/336.

Students pursuing degree programs are required to elect MUS 110 and to attend the biweekly student recital series each semester in residence as part of their curricular and performance requirements.

Students in the music education degree program are required to present a Senior Recital in their major applied area in accordance with generally accepted musical, technical, and repertoire standards. The Junior Recital is optional. Students performing a Junior or Senior Recital must perform a recital audition the semester prior to the semester in which the recital is to be performed. Students who successfully complete the audition process must elect MUS 110 and either MUS 310 for a Junior Recital or MUS 410 for a Senior Recital. Must be enrolled in applied lessons the semester the recital is performed.

*May be counted under General Education

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