Have you ever wondered how a mountain forms? Or where the water you drink comes from? Or where we are going to safely put the huge quantities of waste materials a modern society produces? Or why "fossil fuels" are called that? Or been captivated by dinosaurs or gemstones? Have you wondered about earthquakes, or landslides, or floods? If so, you may want to investigate geology-the science that studies all of these and much more. As an intellectual field of study, geology attempts to understand how all the features of the earth are formed and in what historical sequence. As an applied field of study, geologists take the basic understanding of earth processes and attempt to predict where oil, gas, coal and other earth resources are located and how best to extract them. They may also help to locate and predict geologic hazards such as earthquakes, volcanic eruptions, and landslides. Others may apply the knowledge of geologic processes to predicting human occupation sites for archaeologists, and then help interpret the environment when the site was occupied. Others, sometimes more correctly called planetologists, use knowledge of planet earth to understand other planets in the solar system. A few even assist in solving crimes. Clearly, geology is a varied field of study with hundreds of sub-specialties within it.
In the AGES Department, students can get a strong foundation in the basics of geology with the geology degree, a beginning that would prepare them for graduate studies and employment in a number of commercial firms and governmental agencies. Those with a specific interest in environmental applications may wish to enroll in the environmental geoscience program. This is specifically designed to prepare students to work in the rapidly expanding environmental consulting field. Individuals who would like to teach in the public schools will want to investigate the Secondary Education-Earth and Space Science program. Those who would like to combine an interest in the earth with another field of study may want to enroll in a dual major or a minor in earth science. A distinctive feature of the geology program at Clarion is the opportunity to include GIS (Geographic Information Systems) classes, which add a powerful mapping and spatial analysis tool to the skills of our graduates.
Required: ES 150, 250, 255, 350, 355, 360, 370, 390; 15 additional hours must be elected from the following courses, GEOG/ES 345, 385, 400, 425, 450, 470, 490; ES 260, 270, 280, 300, 330, 375, 404; GEOG 125; BIOL 111, 155/165, 156/166, 202; CHEM 351 or Field Camp.* In addition to these 46 credits, the following courses are required: CHEM 153/163, 154/164; PH 251, 252; MATH 260.
*In cooperation with another college or university.
SECONDARY EDUCATION, B.S.ED.
Certification for grades K-12, Earth Science (see Secondary Education Earth Science).
ENVIRONMENTAL GEOSCIENCE, B.S. (54-66 credits)
Required: ES 150, 255, 260, 280, 330, 455, 470, BIOL 155/165, 156/166, 202; CHEM 153/163, 154/164, and MATH 221; and 18 credits in one (or more) of the following tracks:
Hydrogeology track: ES 250, 345, 350, 360, 370, 390, 404, GEOG/ES 490; CHEM 351/361, MATH 171, 260; BSAD 340, PH 251, 252.
Surficial Geology track: ES 250, 345, 350, 355, 360, 370, 375, 390, 400, 404, 425; GEOG/ES 490; BSAD 340; PH 251, 252.
Atmospheric track: ES 270, 380, 385, GEOG/ES 490; PH 251, 252; BSAD 340.
The AGES Department also offers a program in secondary education.