Baccalaureate programs leading to certification in secondary education (7-12) are available in biology, chemistry, earth science, English, French (K-12), general science, mathematics, physics, social studies, and Spanish (K-12). Each program is designed to provide students with a thorough foundation in the teaching specialty and with the professional skills needed to work effectively with adolescents in a variety of learning environments.
Secondary education students fulfill the general education requirements of the University. However, within certain majors there may be slight deviations from the pattern presented, and secondary students should check with the departmental office of the discipline in which they are majoring to ascertain any variations. Two college-level English (composition/literature) and math courses are required.
Professional Education Core Requirements (36 credits):
ED 110, 122, 225, 327, 329, 350, ED xxx (Methods in specific discipline),
ED 417, 424, 425, and SPED 418, 441, 442.
Secondary Certification Specialization
Secondary education majors may choose areas of specialization from the following programs. A grade of C or better is required for each course in the major area of specialization.
Electives (two required): BIOL 341 and 405 recommended.
Prior to registration the student's advisor will approve courses taken as biology electives.
In meeting general education requirements, the distribution in natural sciences and mathematics may be met with supplemental courses from the field of specialization. It is recommended the quantitative reasoning requirement be met by MATH 221 and the mathematics competency be met by MATH 171 or higher. Students should note no more than one non-laboratory elective may be included in credits for the biology specialization. Proficiency in earth science, Physics I or II, also required.
Additional Requirements: MATH 270, 271 and PH 251 or 252.
Students who have taken CHEM 153 and 154 may be permitted, upon consideration of their performance, to substitute these courses for CHEM 151 and 152. A total of 30 semester hours in chemistry must be taken. Competency in biology and earth science also required BIOL 476).
Earth Science (33 semester hours)
Required: ES 150, 200, 222, 250, 270, 280, 476
10 credits in one of two specializations: Geology: ES 255, 260, 355, 360, 370; Planetarium Management: ES 201, SCED 485, COOP 497
SECONDARY EDUCATION CORE (31 credits)
Required: ED 110, 122, 327, 329, 334, 418, 424, 425; SCED 499
Supplemental Courses: CHEM 154/164, four credits from biology, chemistry, or physics.
Proficiencies: CHEM 153/163, PH 251 or 252, BIOL 155/165.
Additional English requirements (nine credits):
One from: ENG 353, 457, 458, or 459.
Literature electives: six credits must be taken on the 300/400-course levels.
Non-print media competency is required.
Advanced writing competency is required.
Supplemental Courses (six credits): ANTH 211 and ENG 457 or ENG 262.
Electives: Six credits to be approved by advisor (200-level above 252 and any 300-level French course excluding courses taught in English).
Students participating in foreign study programs must complete at least six hours of French literature at Clarion, regardless of the number of credits earned abroad.
General Science (38 semester hours)
A program specifically designed to prepare students to teach science at the junior high or middle school level. General science majors are not prepared to teach specialized high school courses such as biology, chemistry, physics, or earth science. Likewise, biology, chemistry, or physics majors are not prepared to teach general science unless their college program is broadened to include all of the required science courses of the general science curriculum Students who desire to teach only specialized courses should major in the specific subject area.
Required: BIOL 155, 165, 156, 166, 202, BIOL or ES 476 or CHEM 211, CHEM 153, 163, 154, 164, PH 251 or 252, ES 150, 200, 270, and 280, plus two 1-credit seminars.
Also Required: Proficiency in precalculus (MATH 171) and statistics (MATH 221 or 321); Successful completion of SCED 460 and 499.
Majors in general science should not include BIOL 111, MATH 112, PHSC 111, PHSC 112, and ES 111 in their general education programs. Only upon satisfactory completion of all basic courses in the general science curriculum will a biology, chemistry, physics, or earth science major be recommended for an Instructional I certificate in general science.
Also Required: (6 credits) Junior High Strand: Math 111, 221 or Senior High Strand: Math elective (221, 285, above 300).
Electives: Prior to registration the student's advisor will approve courses taken as mathematics electives. Majors must select PH 258 and/or CHEM 151 or 152 instead of basic PHSC 111-112, which do not count toward graduation.
Concurrent certification in physics is possible with the election of PH 258, 268, 259, 269, 351, 352, 353, 354, 371, 372, 461. Students admitted into both programs should substitute ED 335 for 339.
Electives (Additional 12 credits in physics 300-level or higher):
Electives (4) must be selected from; PH 301, 302, 355, 356, 357, 400, 455, 457, 460, 498, 499.
Proficiencies in Other Related Areas: MATH 270, 271, 272, 350, CHEM 153, 163, BIOL/ES 476.
Required: History Concentration (24 credits), Political Science (six credits), Geography (six credits), ECON 211, 212, ANTH 211, PSY 211, SOC 211. Non-western culture competency (three credits)
Spanish K-12 (33 semester hours)
Required (33 credits): SPAN 250 or (251, 252, and 265); (SPAN 270 and 280) or (SPAN 281 and 282); SPAN 301, and 12 additional credits chosen from Spanish 353-499, excluding courses above and courses taught in English.
Supplemental Courses (6 credits): ANTH 211 and ENG 457 or ENG 262
Electives: Six credits to be approved by advisor. (200-level above 252 and any 300-level Spanish course)
Students participating in foreign study programs must complete at least six hours of Spanish or Spanish-American literature at Clarion, regardless of the number of credits earned abroad.